Holistic medicine

Natural antibiotics - application and effects

Natural antibiotics - application and effects


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Natural antibiotics

At a time when more and more infectious agents are becoming resistant to conventional antibiotics, modern medicine is feverishly looking for alternatives. Naturopathy offers an unimagined treasure of possible options, which has so far only been researched in parts. Natural antibiotics could be a real help, especially for mild infections such as a cold or flu, and for patients who generally respond poorly to antibiotic agents from the pharmaceutical industry. In this post, we'll take a closer look at some of these natural antibiotics.

What are antibiotics?

The word "antibiotic" is derived from the Greek words "anti" for against and "bios" for Life from. In short, an antibiotic is an active ingredient that is able to inhibit the growth of living pathogens from the field of microorganisms or to kill them completely. All microbial germs are considered living pathogens

  • Bacteria,
  • Unicellular,
  • Parasites,
  • Mushrooms
  • and protozoa.

To this day, medicine is not entirely sure about the definition of viruses as microorganisms, since viruses are usually not understood as microorganisms, but only as organic structures. Antibiotics are also ineffective against viral infections, which also gives the pathogens a special position in infection treatment. For this reason, separate antivirals are usually used instead of antibiotics to combat viruses.

In ancient times, as well as in the Middle Ages and even in the early modern period, infectious diseases were primarily treated with medicinal herbs or medicinal herb extracts that contain antibiotic active ingredients. There were only drastic changes in the treatment strategy towards the end of the 19th century with the advent of penicillin. The German-Austrian surgeon Theodor Billroth first discovered the antibacterial effect of the brush mold fungus, better known as penicillium, around 1874.

In his experiments, Billroth observed that the fungus successfully grew certain bacterial infectious agents, such as the anthrax Bacillus anthracis could inhibit. The active ingredient penicillin obtained from the fungus then became the basis for the industrial production of the first antibiotics. In particular, the following Penicillium species were used in detail to obtain penicillin:

  • Penicillium chrysogenum,
  • Penicillium glaucum
  • and Penicillium notatum.

By the way: Some mushrooms of the Penicillium genus are even used to produce fine mold on certain types of cheese. The name of the popular Camembert comes from no coincidence, as its typical white mold blanket is produced by refining it with Penicillium camemberti.

Billroth's research was rediscovered and developed in the 20th century, among others by the Scottish bacteriologist and medic Alexander Fleming and the French military doctor Ernest Duchesne. At the same time, researchers like the German doctor Paul Ehrlich found other alternatives to medicinal plant antibiotics, such as certain dyes (for example Arsphenamine) and antibiotics produced by bacteria (for example Chloramphenicol, aureomycin, streptomycin, tetracycline). The latter are still largely used today Streptomyces obtained, a gram-positive bacterium from the Actinobacterium department, the species of which produce several antibiotic agents.

There are now also various synthetically produced antibiotics, such as sulfonamides. They consist of artificially produced chemical compounds that, like microbial antibiotics, can inhibit the growth of pathogens by interfering with the pathogen's key metabolic processes. With sulfonamides, the inhibitory effect consists in blocking the folic acid production of bacterial pathogens. The germs need folic acid to produce nucleotides, which are necessary for the transmission of their genetic material during the multiplication of germs.

Why natural antibiotics?

The term "natural antibiotics" is often misleading. Because, in fact, common preparations such as penicillin or antibiotic agents derived from bacteria are basically of natural origin. However, these have been extensively modified to increase efficiency over the past century, for example by breeding special pharmacological varieties to increase the penicillin content in the brush molds. In addition, despite their originally natural origin, the active ingredients are increasingly being manufactured artificially, which is why natural antibiotics are largely used to define herbal active ingredients that are obtained and used without intensive chemical processing.

Natural antibiotics for drug allergy

The benefits of these natural antibiotics are many. For example, many people are allergic to certain preparations. Penicillin in particular is always responsible for severe allergic reactions. The reason for this is a special sensitivity of the immune system to the mycotic (mushroom-based) Active substances. The immune system cannot reliably recognize these as harmless drugs in every case. No wonder, because penicillin is primarily a mold, the components of which, in increased concentration, are initially cause for concern for the body's own immune cells. After all, they could, at least in theory, cause an infection themselves. The body's defense reactions are sometimes not entirely safe in the event of a penicillin allergy. Possible reactions include:

  • Difficulty breathing,
  • Stomach pain,
  • High blood pressure (hypertension),
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension),
  • Bronchospasm,
  • Swelling of the throat and throat,
  • Skin edema (angioedema),
  • Allergic skin reactions (e.g. reddening of the skin, itching or hives),
  • Cardiovascular complaints,
  • Irregular heartbeat,
  • Attacks of weakness
  • or nausea and vomiting.

In the worst case, penicillin allergy even causes life-threatening anaphylactic shock or cardiac arrest, which is why people with a corresponding allergy must avoid penicillin-based antibiotics such as amoxicillin, ampicillin, cephalosporin, carbapenem or monobactam. Natural antibiotics from the field of medicinal herbs are therefore of great help to these people.

There are some other allergies that can come into play when taking antibiotics. Protein intolerance is a good example here, because many tablets with antibiotic ingredients rely on protein as a consistency agent. After taking the preparations, there may also be corresponding allergic reactions, as when eating protein-containing foods. And some patients are always allergic to artificially produced antibiotics with synthetic compounds.

Strong side effects of synthetic antibiotics

A relatively big problem with artificial antibiotics is that they rarely differentiate between malignant and benign bacteria when fighting pathogens. For example, the body's own bacterial strains of the natural intestinal flora are benign. They are usually also decimated in the course of antibiotic treatment, which can cause temporary indigestion, but also serious inflammation in the digestive tract due to a massively weakened intestinal flora. The female vaginal flora often reacts with unhealthy weaknesses to the use of antibiotics, so that there are occasional urinary tract infections or vaginal yeast infections.

Synthetic antibiotics also have a strong impact on the immune system due to their aggressive active ingredients. Therefore, there is an increased risk of developing a follow-up infection after antibiotic therapy, which sometimes nullifies the success of the treatment. For example, an infection from intestinal fungi (Candida fungi) is common. They occur naturally in the body like intestinal bacteria, but in the case of immunodeficiency caused by antibiotics, they often prevail, which ultimately triggers the infection. Herpes pathogens also like to spread or flare up again as part of the drug-induced immune deficiency. Overall, the following side effects must be expected when taking:

  • Drowsiness,
  • Drop in blood pressure,
  • Intestinal inflammation,
  • Diarrhea,
  • disturbed intestinal flora,
  • Immunodeficiency and increased risk of infection (especially fungal infections),
  • Itching,
  • A headache,
  • Muscle and joint problems,
  • Redness,
  • Insomnia,
  • Dizziness,
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • as well as vaginal and urinary tract infections.

Natural antibiotics against multi-resistant pathogens

Nowadays, another important reason why even conventional medicine now deals intensively with natural antibiotics is the enormous increase in multi-resistant germs (in short: MRE from multi-resistant pathogens). It hides infectious agents - mostly bacteria, parasites or viruses - that have developed extensive resistance to several antibiotic agents. The main culprit is excessive use of broad-spectrum antibiotics with the slightest sign of infection. Accordingly, it is not surprising that MRE germs include pathogens in particular, which are often responsible for obvious common diseases. Overall, the following pathogens in particular are now considered to be increasingly multi-resistant or at least problematic:

PathogenDiseases
Acinetobacter baumanniiPneumonia and wound infections
Campylobacter jejuniGastrointestinal inflammation
Enterococcus faecalisBladder, prostate and vaginal infections
Enterococcus faeciumPeritonitis, urinary tract and intestinal inflammation
Escherichia coliUrinary tract infections, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
Klebsiella pneumoniaeInflammation of the lungs, urinary tract and gallbladder
Mycobacterium tuberculosistuberculosis
Plasmodium falciparummalaria
Pseudomonas aeruginosaUrinary tract infections, enteritis, meningitis and pneumonia
Proteus mirabilisUrinary tract infections, wound infections and pneumonia
Salmonella typhimuriumsalmonellosis
Staphylococcus aureusPneumonia, endocarditis and muscle inflammation

Multi-resistant germs abound especially in hospitals, where a relatively large amount of antibiotics are used. However, farms that prophylactically supply their livestock with antibiotic agents to prevent animal infections have also contributed to the development of MRE germs in the past. The consequences for fighting infection are extremely worrying. Because with an increasing number of infectious agents that have developed resistance to common medicines, the options for successful treatment options are diminishing.

The result of this now alarmingly diverse multi-resistance in infectious agents is an increased risk that individual infections will escalate to epidemics or epidemics due to a lack of therapeutic options. Likewise, the death rate of infection patients from multi-resistant germs has increased dramatically, which shows that natural antibiotics are not only an alternative to conventional antibiotic agents, but may also be the only option to reduce the risk of infectious diseases that are becoming increasingly difficult to cure due to germ-related multi-resistance.

Overview of antibiotic medicinal herbs

As mentioned at the beginning, historically, antimicrobial medicinal herbs were the first antibiotic active ingredients. Their effects are usually somewhat different from those of aggressive modern antibiotics. Instead of intervening directly in the functional processes of the microbial pathogens, they rather support the immune system in its natural defense function. In addition, many natural antibiotics also have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that counteract infections and improve the removal of inflammation and infection carriers.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera is known to many from cosmetics, where it is primarily used as an ingredient in skin care products and cooling gels to treat sunburn. However, the succulent plant also has impressive antibiotic properties. The gel of aloe vera, which is obtained from the water storage tissue of its fleshy leaves, contains a number of antibacterial as well as antifungal, immunostimulating and anti-inflammatory ingredients, including

  • antibiotic polysaccharides,
  • Lupeol,
  • Salicylic acid
  • and saponins.

Aloe vera is most often used to treat skin and wound infections. For this purpose, the aloe gel is simply spread over the affected skin.

Echinacea

An old Indian antibiotic is given to naturopathy with the Echinacea, also known as the coneflower. It is mainly used for ENT and respiratory diseases such as the common cold, flu or tonsillitis. The antibiotic potential of the pupil red flower lies in its antimicrobial essential oils, in which above all

  • Flavonoids,
  • Glycosides
  • and cinnamic acid are included.

Among the glycosides, echinacoside in particular forms an important basis for the plant's antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating effects. It is now even used to manufacture medicinal plant antibiotic products that are available over the counter in the pharmacy. Otherwise, you can also make a warming tea from dried Echinacea.

Eucalyptus

It's no secret that eucalyptus is often used in a variety of forms for colds, flu and bronchitis. Because the Australian plant not only has an expectorant and cough-relieving effect, but can also render the pathogens of respiratory diseases harmless. The essential oil of eucalyptus contains large amounts of

  • Cineol,
  • Lime
  • and pinene.

With all three ingredients, eucalyptus is not only given intense aromas that produce the characteristic, sharp, fresh taste of its leaves. The aromatic substances also contain antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and sometimes even bronchodilating properties, which are particularly desirable for respiratory infections. The application works best in the form of eucalyptus candies or as a steam bath.
Incidentally, eucalyptus can also help with infectious frontal and sinus infections.

Clove

When it comes to gastrointestinal infections, the clove (Syzygium aromaticum) recommended. On the one hand, this is because the spice herb generally helps with indigestion by stimulating the production of digestive secretions such as stomach acid. On the other hand, the clove also contains specific antibiotic and anti-inflammatory agents such as

  • Caryophylls,
  • Eugenol,
  • Oleanolic acid
  • and polyphenols.

The latter also have an antioxidant effect, which helps detoxify and purify the body and thus improve the elimination of pathogens. In order to use clove, it is not even necessary to use ready-made preparations. The traditional use as a kitchen spice or the preparation as tea are completely sufficient here to make the healing ingredients of the plant usable.

Ginseng and Dong Quai

When it comes to the antibiotic effects of terpenes, the herbs from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) have ginseng (Panax ginseng) and Dong Quai are particularly important. The latter is also known as the "little sister of ginseng" due to its similar, albeit somewhat weaker mode of action. In fact, behind the name Dong Quai there is only one special type of angelica, namely the Chinese angelica (Angelica sinensis). Both Ginseng and Dong Quai stand out due to their extraordinary, immunomodulating properties. They can provide positive support for the immune system in the event of an infectious disease and have a preventive effect against infections. In addition, the active ingredients of both plants naturally also have the antimicrobial effect that is essential for natural antibiotics. Ingredients such as:

  • Bisabolene,
  • Bisabolol,
  • Caryophylls,
  • Ginsenoside,
  • Phellandren
  • and pinene.

Ginseng and his little sister, the Chinese angelica, use the dried plant root as a medicinal herb. For example, it can be cut into a healing soup or sauce, but can also be prepared as tea. Special strengthening elixirs with ginseng or dong quai are also common in traditional Chinese medicine. However, we recommend that you consult with TCM specialists in advance.

Grapefruit

Even some unremarkable types of fruit can be a source of natural antibiotics. Especially the grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) is a real blessing for our immune system due to its high vitamin C content. Grapefruit oil, which is obtained from the seeds of the tropical fruit, can do even more, because it not only has an antiviral and antiseptic effect, but also works reliably against bacteria, fungi (especially Candida fungi), inflammation and swelling. In short, grapefruit is a genuine antibiotic fruit. The fruit owes its medicinal healing properties mainly to the flavonoids, which are found in the essential oil of the grapefruit seeds.

Important: Unlike the grapefruit itself, the grapefruit oil is not used internally. Instead, it is used for aromatherapy, for example together with other citrus fruit oils such as lemon or orange, or to rub inflammatory skin areas with it.

Ginger

Anyone who knows Indian cuisine knows that there is a lot here with ginger (Zingiber) is cooked. There are not only aromatic reasons for this. Because in the Indian art of Ayurveda, ginger is one of the most important roots of medicinal herbs and here in particular one of the medicinal antibiotics. In fact, ginger is one of the strongest natural antibiotics in the world due to a wide range of antibiotic ingredients, including:

  • Borneol,
  • Cineol,
  • Gingerol,
  • Shogaol,
  • Zingeron
  • and zingiberol.

The ingredients also have an antioxidant, immune-boosting and anti-inflammatory effect, which further supports the healing effect of ginger in infections. Ginger can be used in a wide variety of ways, for example as a spice for hearty meals and soups, but also for desserts, whereby a moderate dosage is required so as not to overdo it with the intense, hot and spicy taste of the ginger. Some also cut thin slices of ginger into their tea blend. You can also buy dried ginger for snacking in every organic shop.

Chamomile

Real chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) is particularly popular as a natural antibiotic because it has a particularly gentle effect and can usually be used safely even with infections in infants and children. Their ingredients therefore offer very gentle antibiotic protection, which is particularly thanks to the chamomile oil contained in chamomile. It is an essential oil composed of the following antibiotic components:

  • Apigenin,
  • Bisabolol,
  • Chamazulen,
  • Coumarin,
  • Lutein,
  • Matricin,
  • Quercetin,
  • Rutin
  • and spathulenol.

Chamomile is usually used internally in the form of tea. In the case of respiratory or skin infections, steam inhalations, washes and compresses with chamomile are also conceivable.

Nasturtium

The nasturtium is much too unknown and often underestimated as an antibiotic (Tropaeolum). Many know the plant with the striking red flowers and the net-like leaves from preppy potted plants in front of the house. Very few people know that the ornamental plant hides a spice and medicinal plant that is by far one of the strongest antibiotics in the world. In fact, their healing properties are so good that medical doctors are now researching the suitability of nasturtiums for the production of alternative antibiotic preparations. It is medically recommended for uncomplicated urinary tract infections, bronchitis, sinus infections, wound infections and mild gastrointestinal infections. However, it should be warned about the taste of nasturtium, which is a mixture of garlic, chives and cress and, above all, antibiotic ingredients such as

  • Carotenoids,
  • Flavonoids
  • and mustard oil is going down.

As a kitchen spice, the aroma can usually still be worked well into dishes. Prepared as tea or eaten raw, the leaves of the nasturtium present a challenge for some. Nevertheless, consumption can be very worthwhile when it comes to fighting infections through natural active ingredients.

Incidentally, nasturtium is said to work even in the case of serious infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, which underlines how strong the antibiotic effect of this spice and medicinal plant is.

Garlic

Together with nasturtium and ginger, garlic (Allium sativum) the triad of the strongest natural antibiotics in the plant kingdom. The lively use of garlic in the kitchen has not only aromatic reasons. Especially in the Middle Ages, when there were no artificial antibiotics, the clove of garlic was booming in the treatment of infectious diseases. The main ingredients are:

  • Alliin,
  • Terpenes
  • and saponins.

Alliin is extremely similar to penicillin in its antibiotic effect because it directly attacks the functional mechanisms of microorganisms. It is therefore not for nothing that alliin is used to obtain the pharmaceutical active ingredient allicin, which is cytotoxic (cell-killing) against infection germs and even cancer cells.

Tip: A crushed clove of garlic cooked in 250 ml milk should help very well, especially with respiratory infections. The taste takes a lot of getting used to, but medicine is not known to taste good, but to help.

Turmeric

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is an Ayurvedic medicinal herb that already has its most important antibiotic active ingredient in its name, curcumin. The orange-yellow plant dye not only ensures the striking yellow coloring of turmeric, because of which the plant is also known as turmeric. In addition, curcumin also showed an extremely good effect against infection-related inflammation in various studies. That is why turmeric has been an integral part of infection treatment in Indonesian and Javanese medicine for centuries. Turmeric is also used against general immune deficiencies.

Manuka

Honey is often recommended for infections because of its disinfectant properties. This is especially true for respiratory diseases. In this context, manuka honey works particularly well. It is from the Manuka plant or South Sea myrtle (Leptospermum scoparium), which grows mainly in New Zealand and Australia and was used here by the indigenous people long before European settlers arrived to treat wound infections and colds.

The secret of Manuka honey is based on the one hand in the enzyme glucose oxidase, which is typical of honey and is added to it by honeybees. The enzyme produces hydrogen peroxide in honey, which is generally considered to be disinfectant and therefore works successfully against infections. On the other hand, Manuka itself contains some antibiotic ingredients, including methylglyoxal. It has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect and is the main reason that manuka oil performed very well in various studies on infection treatment. Infections by the Helicobacter pylori bacterium, which is also responsible for gastrointestinal infections in addition to skin infections, respond well to the oil of the South Sea myrtle.

Tip: Manuka honey is used by the New Zealand Maori to treat wound and skin infections. There are also various Manuka ointments that are used to protect infection from fresh tattoo wounds.

Horseradish

Many are horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) mainly known from the kitchen, where it is used as a spicy herb for side dishes, sauces or dips. However, horseradish is also known as an antibiotic in folk medicine. Here it is primarily used to treat respiratory diseases such as bronchitis, colds or flu. Thanks to its mustard oil glycosides, which have an antimicrobial effect, they ensure reliable cleaning of the respiratory tract and at the same time widen it, which makes it easier to cough up mucus and improve breathability.

In addition to being used as a culinary herb, horseradish is often used to treat infections with other spicy herbs such as nasturtium to further enhance the antibiotic effect. In addition to being used as a herb, the use of horseradish juice, horseradish honey or envelopes made of horseradish is also conceivable.

Peppermint

Peppermint is also a natural antibiotic (Mentha piperita) known. Basically, mint is due to antibiotic and also antiviral ingredients like

  • Bitter substances,
  • Flavonoids,
  • Tannins
  • and menthol

always worth a recommendation for existing infections. The fact that peppermint works reliably is also shown by the fact that peppermint tea is one of the traditional hospital teas alongside chamomile tea. In addition to colds, gastrointestinal infections and wounds with infections also respond well to treatment with peppermint.

Sage

In addition to peppermint and chamomile, sage (Salvia officinalis) are probably the best known natural antibiotic in Germany. This is borne out by the sage sweets alone, which are almost standard equipment in the medicine chest for colds and flu. And not without reason, because sage contains large amounts of

  • Betulin,
  • Borneol,
  • Tannins,
  • Fighter,
  • Menthol,
  • Pinene,
  • Salviol,
  • Volleys,
  • Thymol
  • and zineol

- an abundance of ethereal active ingredients that not only give the sage its antibiotic effect, but also its slightly pungent and airway-free aroma. In addition to being used in the form of sage candy or sage tea, you can also cook wonderfully with sage. Mediterranean dishes in particular benefit from the aroma of sage, which is known to be one of the Mediterranean herbs.

Tea tree oil

The essences of the tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) are used antibiotically primarily as a disinfectant against skin and mucous membrane infections. The use of tea tree oil is particularly suitable for areas of the foot and hand that are prone to infection, for example athlete's foot, skin fungus or nail fungus. Inflammation of the oral mucosa and gums are also occasionally treated with mouthwashes made from tea tree oil.

The main active ingredient here is the tea tree's own cineol. It is also highly valued in the treatment of respiratory diseases such as asthma, bronchitis or the common cold, whereby tea tree oil should mainly be used as part of aromatherapy. Because the ingredients of the tea tree are very healing, but sometimes also very irritating if they come into contact with the respiratory tract in too large quantities. For this reason, tea tree oil should only be used in a well-diluted form, even with any mouthwash.

Thyme

Thyme is sometimes underestimated as a natural antibiotic (Thymus vulgaris). It is an integral part of numerous cough syrups, colds and flu remedies. Its disinfectant effect can even help with stubborn gastrointestinal and urinary tract infections. The combination of active ingredients, which in the case of the thyme is responsible for its good antibiotic effect, is composed, as is so often the case, of various essential oils or their components, including:

  • Bitter substances,
  • Carvacol,
  • Coumarin,
  • Flavonoids,
  • Tannins,
  • Fighter,
  • Thymol
  • and zineol.

The thymol, which owes its name unmistakably to the thyme, is particularly known for its antibacterial and antifungal properties. In fact, they are so effective that thyme was used to preserve mummies in ancient Egypt. A natural antibiotic with an extremely long history of use. Thyme is usually used as a tea or tincture to treat infections. As with sage, it is advisable in specific cases of illness to use the Mediterranean herb increasingly for cooking.

Incense and styrax

Speaking of mummies - also the tree resin of the frankincense tree (Boswellia sacra), the incense, is known from the mummy preservation of ancient Egypt as a highly efficient disinfectant. The situation is similar with Styrax, a particularly antibiotic incense resin similar to incense, which comes from the bark of the Storax tree (Styrax officinalis) is won.

Both incense resins can be used for aromatherapy for respiratory infections. For this, small amounts of the resin are placed either on red-hot charcoal or in an incense burner. In East Africa, frankincense is also used in particular for gastrointestinal complaints with and without the cause of infection. For this purpose, the incense is prepared with other herb leaves and seeds as well as honey, salt and butter. And even in modern medicine, frankincense is still used for inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.

Cinnamon

The bark of the cinnamon tree (Cinnamonum) is more commonly known for its unique taste, which gives desserts, desserts and pastries an unmistakable flavor. There is also an unexpected healing potential in cinnamon. Especially

  • Borneol,
  • Coumarin,
  • Eugenol,
  • Tannins
  • and camphor

sorgen dabei für einen antimikrobiellen Effekt des Zimts, der durchaus auch erfolgreich gegen leichte Infektionen genutzt werden kann. Vor allem Entzündungskrankheiten der Atemwege und des Verdauungstraktes können besonders gut auf eine Behandlung mit Zimt ansprechen.

Zitrone

Die heiße Zitrone bei Grippe wird nicht nur wegen des hohen Vitamin-C-Gehalts der Zitrusfrucht empfohlen, der das Immunsystem bei einem Infektionsgeschehen unterstützen kann. Darüber hinaus besitzen Zitronen auch einige desinfizierende Flavonoide, welche die Südfrucht zu Recht in den Rang eines natürlichen Antibiotikums erheben. Als Zusatz für antibiotische Kräutertees, ebenso wie für Honig, Salate und warme Gerichte ist Zitrone deshalb sehr zu empfehlen. Auch ein ätherisches Aromaöl aus der Zitrusfrucht kann zur Inhalation bei Atemwegsinfekten Gutes tun. Und selbst Bäder und Massagen mit Zitronenöl beziehungsweise Zitronensaft sind zur Krankheitsbehandlung denkbar.

Zwiebel

Großmutters Nonplusultra bei Erkältungen ist gewiss die Zwiebel (Allium cepa). Zwiebelsuppe, Zwiebelwickel, Zwiebelsaft, ja bisweilen sogar Zwiebeltee. Doch warum? Zunächst einmal gehört die Zwiebel zu den Laucharten und ist somit auch mit dem Knoblauch verwandt. Das bedeutet, dass Zwiebeln im Grunde ähnliche Wirkstoffe besitzen. Allerdings kommen bei der Zwiebel noch einige andere Inhaltsstoffe hinzu, welche die antibiotische Wirkung unterstützen. Insgesamt enthält die Zwiebel vor allem folgende wichtigen Substanzen:

  • Allicin,
  • Aspargin,
  • Carotin,
  • Cholin,
  • Essigsäure,
  • Fumarsäure,
  • Gerbstoffe,
  • Jod,
  • Kaffeesäure,
  • Kalziumoxalat,
  • Linolsäure,
  • Lutein,
  • Oxalsäure,
  • Rutin,
  • Senfölglykoside,
  • Schwefel
  • und Zitronensäure.

Die Zwiebel vereint diverse desinfizierende Pflanzenstoffe, die ansonsten oft nur separat in verschiedenen natürlichen Antibiotika zu finden sind. Hieraus leitet sich auch die ganzheitliche Wirkung der Zwiebel ab, die sowohl bei Atemwegsinfekten, als auch bei sexuellen Krankheiten (Geschlechtskrankheiten), Magen-Darm-, Haut- und Wundinfekten hilft. Gerade im Bereich der Frauenheilkunde wird die gute Wirkung der Zwiebel gegen Scheiden-, Gebärmutter- und Eierstockentzündungen hochgeschätzt. Die Zwiebel ist in diesem Kontext also ein wahres Universalmittel, das in der traditionellen Volksheilkunde so beliebt ist.

Weitere natürliche Antibiotika

Nicht immer müssen natürliche Antibiotika aus dem Pflanzenreich stammen. Das zeigen bereits der Penicillin-Pilz und verschiedene auf Bakterien basierende herkömmliche Präparate. Doch auch hier gibt es schonende Alternativen zu modernen antibiotischen Wirkstoffen mit starken Nebenwirkungen und Allergierisiko.

Honig und Propolis

Wie schon erwähnt birgt Bienenhonig dank seines hohen Gehalts an Wasserstoffperoxid, das dem flüssigen Gold durch Bienenenzyme zugesetzt wird, ein hervorragendes Antibiotikum. Das gilt jedoch auch für Propolis alias Bienenharz. Es handelt sich dabei um die harzige Masse, die von Bienen zur Herstellung ihrer Bienenwaben produziert wird. Diese fungieren bekanntlich als Brutstätten für Jungbienen und müssen deshalb gut vor Krankheitserregern geschützt sein. Zu diesem Zweck arbeiten Bienen in ihren Propolis verschiedene antibakterielle, antimykotische und antivirale Bestandteile ein, die sie aus dem Naturharz von Bäumen sowie dem Balsam von Blütenpollen gewinnen, die sie bei ihren Streifzügen besuchen. Zu diesen natürlichen Bestandteilen zählen neben Wachs und Pollenanteilen vor allem ätherische Pflanzenzusätze wie

  • Chrysin,
  • Cumarsäure,
  • Ferulasäure,
  • Galangin,
  • Kaffeesäure,
  • Nymphaeol,
  • Pinocembrin
  • und Zimtsäure.

Der reiche Mix an antibiotischen Flavonoiden und Phenolen macht aus Propolis ein ganz besonderes Naturerzeugnis zur Infektbehandlung und kann mittlerweile nicht nur in Salbenform, sondern auch in Tropfenform oder als Tinktur gekauft werden.

Kolloidales Silber

Etwas aus der Reihe tanzt bei natürlichen Antibiotika das kolloidale Silber. Es wirkt nach dem Prinzip der elektrischen Polarisierung, was sich bei negativer Ladung schädlich auf bestimmte Bakterienstämme auswirkt. In Körperwasser gelöst können die Silberpartikel so die Tätigkeit von Bakterien stören und gelegentlich sogar völlig zum Erliegen bringen. Der Störfaktor tritt bei bakteriellen Zellen spätestens nach sechs Minuten ein, wobei jedoch keine körpereigenen Zellen angegriffen werden. Angewendet wird kolloidales Silber zumeist in Form von Tropfenlösungen. Diese sind in Apotheken oder gut sortierten Reformhäusern erhältlich.

Chaga Pilz

Nicht allein der Penicillin Pilz ist ein Heilpilz mit antibiotischen Eigenschaften. So gilt der Schiefe Schillerporling (Inonotus obliquus), besser bekannt als Chaga Pilz, nicht umsonst als König der Heilpilze. Seine Antioxidantien, ebenso wie die in ihm enthaltenen ß-Glucane, stehen dem Penicillin in nichts nach. In der Traditionellen Chinesischen Medizin wird er darum standardmäßig gegen Immunschwächen, Entzündungen und bestehende Infektionserkrankungen eingesetzt. Gerade chronisch entzündliche Darmerkrankungen wie Morbus Crohn, Gastritis oder Colitis ulcerosa sollen gut auf eine Anwendung des Chaga Pilzes reagieren.

Zu finden ist der Chaga Pilz interessanterweise nur auf Laubbäumen und hier vor allem an der Rinde von Birken. Als Vitalpilz kann er so zum Beispiel zur Herstellung von Tee verwendet werden. Es ist wichtig, Chaga-Tee aus einer vertrauenswürdigen Quelle zu verwenden. Auf dem Markt sind viele nutzlose und sogar schädliche Produkte, wie zum Beispiel Chaga in Pulverform, erhältlich.

Anwendung natürlicher Antibiotika

Natürliche Antibiotika können bei leichten beziehungsweise anfänglichen Infektionen genutzt werden, um zu sehen, ob die Beschwerden so früher oder später von selbst verschwinden. Der übertriebene Einsatz von Antibiotika als Pauschallösung lässt sich so in vielen Fällen reduzieren und damit auch die Entstehung weiterer multiresistenter Keime reduzieren. Wichtig ist, schon bei den ersten Anzeichen mit der Anwendung zu beginnen und diese auch ein bis zwei Tage nach Abklingen der Symptome noch fortzuführen, um sicherzustellen, dass die Infektion auch wirklich abgeklungen ist.

Ergänzend empfiehlt sich eine vitaminreiche Kost, die dem Immunsystem bei seinen energieraubenden Abwehrprozessen als zusätzliche Stärkung dient. Auch sollten Patienten viel Flüssigkeit zu sich nehmen, damit Schadstoffe schnell ausgespült und der Körper so umfassend gereinigt wird. Im Falle von antibiotischen Kräutertees wird der Organismus über die Flüssigkeitszufuhr außerdem mit wichtigen Wirkstoffen versorgt, die zur Infektionsbekämpfung notwendig sind. Die Teeflüssigkeit dient hierbei als eine zuverlässige Basis, durch die die Wirkstoffe besonders schnell im Körper verteilt werden können.

Gegenanzeigen bei natürlichen Antibiotika

Abzuraten ist von natürlichen Antibiotika, wenn nachweislich eine Allergie gegen bestimmte Pflanzen beziehungsweise Pflanzenpollen vorliegt. Menschen mit einer bestehenden Kreuzblütlerallergie sollten zum Beispiel vom Einsatz zugehöriger Heilkräuter wie Meerrettich absehen. Des Weiteren ist eine alleinige Anwendung natürlicher Antibiotika wirklich nur dann zu empfehlen, wenn es sich um keine ernsten Infektionen mit lebensgefährlichen Komplikationen handelt.

Erkältungskrankheiten, ebenso wie leichte Harnwegs-, Haut- und Magen-Darm-Infektionen, lassen sich für gewöhnlich sehr gut mit natürlichen Antibiotika behandeln. Schwere Infektionskrankheiten wie Malaria oder Tuberkulose erfordern dagegen grundsätzlich eine Inaugenscheinnahme durch einen Arzt und meist auch den Einsatz aggressiverer Mittel, um den Infektionserregern zeitnah Herr zu werden. Natürliche Antibiotika können hier meist nur unterstützend oder zur Stärkung des Immunsystems nach überstandener Krankheit zum Einsatz kommen. Als alleinige Behandlungsmaßnahme kommen sie in solch einem Fall jedoch meist nicht in Frage, da das Risiko einer Keimverschleppung zu groß ist. Die Folge könnten dann lebensgefährliche Multiinfektionen sein, die eine aufwändigere Behandlung erfordern. (ma)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Miriam Adam, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch

Swell:

  • Goldfing, Alessia: Natürliche Antibiotika – Natürliche Alternativen im Kampf gegen zunehmende Antibiotikaresistenzen; mit Rezeptideen, Independently Published, 2018
  • Siewert, Aruna M.: Pflanzliche Antibiotika: Geheimwaffen aus der Natur, Gräfe und Unzer, 2015
  • Hummel, Herbert: Arzneimittellehre, Allgemeiner Teil, Vincentz Network, 1994
  • Pschyrembel, Willibald: Pschyrembel Klinisches Wörterbuch, Thieme Verlag, 2017


Video: Making Fire Cider Antibiotic (July 2022).


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